miércoles, 3 de diciembre de 2014

Past simple, practice with the games!

The simple past tense of the verb to be:

This page will present the simple past tense of the verb to be:
  • its form
  • and its use.

The affirmative form:

I, he, she, itwas.
you, we, theywere.


  • was in London in 1999.
  • Pam was in London in 1999, too.
  • We were together.
  • She was my girlfriend.

The interrogative form:

WasI, he, she, it?
Wereyou, we, they?


  • Were you in London last year?
  • Was Pam with you?
  • Were you together?

The negative form:

I, you, he, shewas not.
You, we, theywere not.


  • wasn't in Paris in 1999.
  • Pam wasn't in Paris in 1999.
  • We weren't in Paris.


1. wasn't is the short form of was not. You can say either:
  • was not in Paris, or
  • wasn't in Paris.
2. weren't is the short form of were not. You can say either:
  • we were not in Paris, or
  • we weren't in Paris 

Past Simple in Regular verbs:

The verbs "lived, started, died" are regular past forms. The rule is the following:
Verb + ed

The infinitiveThe simple past

Past simple in Irregular verbs:

The verbs "waswrote" are irregular past forms. "Was" is the simple past of "to be"; "wrote" is the simple past of "write".
More on the simple past of "to be" here.
There is no rule for these verbs. You should learn them by heart.

The infinitiveThe simple past
As you can see we can not predict the simple past forms of these verbs. They are irregular. You should learn them by heart.

The forms of the simple past:

The Affirmative form of the simple past:

I, you, he, she, it, we, theyplayed.
  • played tennis with my friends yesterday.
  • finished lunch and I did my homework.

The interrogative form of the simple past:

DidI, you, he, she, it, we, theyPlay?
  • Did you play basketball yesterday?
  • Did you watch television?
  • Did you do the homework?

The negative form of the simple past:

I, you, he, she, it, we, theydid not/didn'tplay
  • didn't like the food in the wedding last Saturday.
  • didn't eat it.


didn't is the short form of did not. You can say either:
  • did not play basketball, or
  • didn't play basketball.
Exercises to practice, click on the games: 

Game 1
Game 2
Game 3
Game 4

martes, 18 de noviembre de 2014

Economic sectors

Study through the following video the different economic sectors

Don't forget that:

People work in three sectors: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary.

People get raw materials from nature in the Primary Sector.

People produce manufactured products in the Secondary Sector.

People provide services in the tertiary sector.

I hope you study for next week!

See you!
María José

miércoles, 12 de noviembre de 2014

Classification of animals

Don't forget to study the characteristics of each group of animals

Mammals, reptiles, birds, fish and amphibians have something in common: they all have a backbone!!

martes, 21 de octubre de 2014

Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

Study grammar please!

We use comparative adjectives with than to compare one person or thing with another.
Short adjectives have one or two syllables. Loud has one syllable. Pretty has two syllables. We add “er” to the adjective.
Examples: Loud-----louder     Pretty------prettier

Long adjectives don’t change the ending of the adjective. We put more before the adjective.
Examples: This book is more interesting than that book.

The opposite of more is less. We use less in the same way as more.
Ex: This book is less interesting than this book.

We use superlative adjectives to compare a person or thing with a group of other people or things.
We write “the” before the adjective and we add “est” to the adjective.
Ex: The loudest     The prettiest    The tallest    The Shortest

Long adjectives: We add “the most” before the adjective.
Example: This book is the most interesting.

The opposite of the most is the least.
Example: The least beautiful.

The best
The worst
The most
The further
The furthest
The least

Test yourself and practice on the following links:

jueves, 9 de octubre de 2014

Zero conditional

Zero Conditional: Certainty

We use the so-called zero conditional when the result of the condition is always true, like a scientific fact.
Take some ice. Put it in a saucepan. Heat the saucepan.
What happens? The ice melts (it becomes water). You would be surprised if it did not.

IF condition result
  present simple present simple
If you heat ice it melts.

Notice that we are thinking about a result that is always true for this condition. The result of the condition is an absolute certainty. We are not thinking about the future or the past, or even the present. We are thinking about a simple fact. We use the present simple tense to talk about the condition. We also use the present simple tense to talk about the result. The important thing about the zero conditional is that the condition always has the same result.
We can also use when instead of if, for example: When I get up late I miss my bus.
Look at some more examples in the tables below:

IF condition result
  present simple present simple
If I miss the 8 o'clock bus I am late for work.
If I am late for work my boss gets angry.
If people don't eat they get hungry.
If you heat ice does it melt?
result IF condition
present simple   present simple
I am late for work if I miss the 8 o'clock bus.
My boss gets angry if I am late for work.
People get hungry if they don't eat.
Does ice melt if you heat it?

jueves, 18 de septiembre de 2014

Present Continuous

The use of the present continuous tense

present continuous
  • The present continuous is used to talk about actions happening at the time of speaking. Example:
    • Where is Mary? She is having a bath. (Not she has a bath)
    • What are you doing at the moment in front of your screen? Don't you know? Well … you are reading this lesson. You are learning English.
  • The present continuous can also be used when an action has started but hasn’t finished yet.
    • I am reading a book; it’s a nice book. (It means = I am not necessarily reading it; I started reading it but I haven’t finished it yet

Special verbs

There are verbs which are normally not used in the present continuous.


be, believe, belong, hate, hear, like, love, mean, prefer, remain, realize, see, seem, smell, think, understand, want, wish
It's not correct to say:
He is wanting to buy a new car.*
You must say:
He wants to buy a new car.

The form of the present continuous tense

The verb to be (in the simple present)
verb + ing

The affirmative forms of the present continuous:

You, we, they
He, she, it

The interrogative forms of the present continuous

you, we, they
he, she, it

The negative forms of the present continuous

am not
’m not
You, we, they
are not
He, she, it
is not

Here you have a video with the explanation of this tense, do not miss it!!!!

To finish, here you are some links to practice the present continuous or progressive, it is the same!!


I hope you enjoy the post!


Maria Jose

martes, 16 de septiembre de 2014

Simple Present

The simple present is used:

  • to give opinions - I like ice cream. I don't like spicy food.
  • to talk about schedules - The library opens at eight. It doesn't open at 7.
  • to talk about daily habits (routine actions)- Sara eats a cheese for breakfast every day. She doesn't eat cereal.
  • to give facts - The earth circles the sun. The moon doesn't circle the sun.

The spelling of the third person singular form of the simple present:

All the verbs take an "s" in the simple present when conjugated in the third person singular (he, she, it) form:


  • I visit my parents every summer holiday. But my wife visits her parents every weekend.
  • My brother meets his girlfriend everyday.

So the rule is:

He / she / it + Verb + S

There are however some special cases. Here are the spelling rules:

Silent e
Vowel + y
Consonant + y
Verbs ending ino
Verbs ending in s, z, sh, tch,ch
close = closes 
 = notes
play = plays
say = says
study = studies 
 = marries
go = goes 
do = does
miss = misses
buzz = buzzes
hatch = hatches
finish = finishes
teach = teaches

Things to remember about the simple present:

1.In the interrogative forms, we use "do" or "does".

  • "Do you like the house?"
  • "Does she go to school?"

2; Verbs never take an "s" in the the negative and interrogative forms.

  • "Does he speak German?"
  • "Do they play soccer?"
  • She doesn't like ice cream.

3. don't is the short form of "do not". You can say either:

  • I do not speak Italian, or
  • I don't speak Italian.

4.doesn't is the short form of "does not". you can say either:

  • He does not listen to jazz music, or
  • He doesn't listen to jazz music.



Subject + verb + complements

Example: I play tennis everyday.

We add letters “s” to the verb with the third person (he, she, it)

Ex: She plays tennis everyday.


Subject + don’t or doesn’t + complements

Ex: I don’t play tennis.

       She doesn’t play tennis.     
Don’t: I, You, We, They

Doesn’t: He, She, It


Do or Does + Subject + verb + complements

Ex: Do you play tennis?     Yes, I do / No, I don’t.

       Does she play tennis? Yes, she does / No, she doesn’t.

Do: I, You, We, They

Does: He, She, It 

Here you have a video explaining the simple present, have a look!!! 

Click on the following links to practice: